Current Issues

Fighting to give Coast people a voice

Okoa Mombasa works on a diverse range of issues affecting the Coast region, all tied together by one common goal: Ensuring meaningful local participation in government decisions that affect Coast. This right is protected under the Kenyan Constitution and other national and international laws.

Some of the specific issues we’ve worked on include:


The Standard Gauge Railway (SGR)

The launch of the Mombasa-Nairobi Standard Gauge Railway (SGR) in 2017 could have been a boon for the Coast region and its economy. Instead, it’s been a disaster.


In 2019, the government issued a directive requiring all cargo arriving at the Port of Mombasa be transported to Nairobi via the SGR. It also effectively shifted clearing and forwarding operations to the Nairobi Inland Container Depot, bypassing Mombasa. The directive has devastated Mombasa (and towns along the Mombasa-Nairobi highway), whose economy relies heavily on the Port and the logistics sector. Thousands of truck owners and drivers are no longer needed to haul cargo. Hundreds of clearing and forwarding firms have packed up and moved to Nairobi or wound up. Many local container freight stations now sit empty. And that’s not to mention the tens of thousands of people indirectly affected: truck dealerships, fuel service stations, mechanics, spare parts dealers, restaurants, informal sector kiosks, hawkers and many more.

All of these changes were implemented without consulting those most affected: the people of Mombasa and Coast.

What We're Doing

Okoa Mombasa is fighting to rescind the illegal SGR cargo directive, and to ensure that Coast people can meaningfully participate in other decisions that might affect their livelihoods. We’ve also filed a court case demanding that the government release all documents and contracts regarding the SGR, which until now have remained secret.

For more about the SGR’s impact on Mombasa, see our factsheet.

Container Terminal 2 (CT)

The government is attempting a backdoor privatization of Container Terminal 2 (CT2) at the Port of Mombasa – handing it over in a secret deal to the Kenya National Shipping Line which is 47% owned by the Italian-owned Mediterranean Shipping Company.


CT2 is the most modern section of Mombasa’s Port, capable of producing upwards of Ksh 20 billion in revenue per year. It also employs over 3,000 people in well-paid, mostly unionized jobs. How will residents of Mombasa benefit from this giveaway of a highly valuable public asset? Not much. What’s worse, the public is being kept in the dark about the deal’s details.

What We're Doing

Okoa Mombasa is fighting to stop the privatisation, and to force the government to release information relating to the proposed deal. We’re also demanding that residents of Coast be given the opportunity to meaningfully participate in any decisions affecting the Port, which is Mombasa’s most important economic resource.

For more about why the privatization of CT2 is bad for Mombasa, see our factsheet.

Mama Ngina Park

We believe that Coast’s place names should properly reflect local history and heritage.


Place names are an important part of the intangible cultural heritage of a people: They contain information that tell us about the place and the circumstances at the period of time the name came into being. But Mombasa’s recently refurbished Mama Ngina Park is an outlier; its name has no connection to Mombasa, Coast or the region’s people.

What We're Doing

That’s why we’re fighting to rename Mama Ngina Park. We believe the selected name should signal a reclamation of the historical and cultural heritage of the people of Mombasa, in particular, and the Coast, in general. We want the new name to be chosen through a local, participatory public process.

Learn more about our campaign here.

Access to Information

Public participation is meaningless if people don’t have adequate information to form their opinions. We work to make sure they do have it.


Unfortunately, a common thread through all of the issues we work on is a lack of adequate information released by the government. Key documents are closely guarded, details are obfuscated and official lips remain tightly sealed.

That’s not how It’s supposed to work under Kenya’s Constitution. Government serves the people, and under the Constitution and the Access to Information Act, people have a right to access information held by the state. That right is especially critical when the information relates to decisions that affect people’s livelihoods, such as the SGR or CT2.

What We're Doing

Okoa Mombasa is fighting to make the right to access information a reality in Kenya, with a focus on the Coast region. Read more about our work here.

Coast Bears the Brunt

Coast’s so-called “development” projects are usually initiated by the government in Nairobi. But they rarely take into account the opinions and needs of people in Coast. Consider the impact of some recent projects:

Estimated job losses caused by the SGR (transport & container freight sectors only)


Reduction in Mombasa's County GDP after SGR operations began

Estimated job losses if Container Terminal 2 is privatised

What Next?

Do you know of another issue where Coast people have been shut out of public participation? Drop us a line at and let us know. Or better yet, come join our movement and fight alongside us. The more we are, the stronger we become.

Are you organizing an initiative similar to Okoa Mombasa elsewhere in Kenya? We’d love to hear about that too, so that we can hear about your experiences, exchange ideas and explore collaboration.


Stay informed, stay engaged!

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